Using linear models adjusted for demographics, health behaviors, and clinical factors, we determined the association of a modified DASH score excluding sodium intake, ranging from 0 to 8 with increasing DASH accordance with BP. Black Americans with chronic kidney disease CKD have high rates of uncontrolled hypertension. Therefore, identifying dietary patterns that improve hypertension control rates among blacks with CKD could positively impact kidney and CVD outcomes for this patient population. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet DASH, 5—7 which is high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy, nuts, and legumes, and reduced in sweets and saturated fat, is endorsed nationally and abroad 8—12 to treat hypertension in adults with normal kidney function. DASH has been demonstrated in randomized controlled trials to lower blood pressure BP more effectively in blacks compared to whites. Several factors contribute to BP elevation as kidney function declines, such as diminished natriuresis and upregulation of the renin—angiotensin—aldosterone system. Sodium reduction is the only diet modification that is currently endorsed by national and international kidney disease guidelines to lower BP in adults with CKD. After obtaining written informed consent, trained staff performed baseline assessments to ascertain data on sociodemographic, behavioral, and biological risk factors for CVD. Our study involves JHS participants who completed baseline food frequency questionnaires FFQ and measurements of office BP, serum creatinine concentration, and urine creatinine and albumin concentrations. The protocol was approved by institutional review boards at each participating site and this study was approved by the Duke Health Institutional Review Board.
Finding yourself confused by the seemingly endless promotion of weight-loss strategies and diet plans? In this series, we take a look at some popular diets—and review the research behind them. Blood pressure is the amount of pressure that blood places against the walls of arteries.
DASH is a flexible and balanced eating plan that helps create a heart-healthy eating style for life. The DASH eating plan requires no special foods and instead provides daily and weekly nutritional goals. This plan recommends. Based on these recommendations, the following table shows examples of daily and weekly servings that meet DASH eating plan targets for a 2,calorie-a-day diet. This study included adults, some with and some without confirmed high blood pressure. The study compared three diets, each containing 3, milligrams mg of sodium per day. The study provided all foods and beverages to participants for eight weeks. None of the diets were vegetarian or used specialty foods.
The DASH diet emphasizes the right portion sizes, variety of foods and nutrients. Discover how DASH can improve your health and lower your blood pressure. The DASH diet is a lifelong approach to healthy eating that’s designed to help treat or prevent high blood pressure hypertension. The DASH diet encourages you to reduce the sodium in your diet and eat a variety of foods rich in nutrients that help lower blood pressure, such as potassium, calcium and magnesium. By following the DASH diet, you may be able to reduce your blood pressure by a few points in just two weeks. Over time, the top number of your blood pressure systolic blood pressure could drop by eight to 14 points, which can make a significant difference in your health risks. Because the DASH diet is a healthy way of eating, it offers health benefits besides just lowering blood pressure. The DASH diet is also in line with dietary recommendations to prevent osteoporosis, cancer, heart disease, stroke and diabetes. The DASH diet emphasizes vegetables, fruits and low-fat dairy foods — and moderate amounts of whole grains, fish, poultry and nuts. In addition to the standard DASH diet, there is also a lower sodium version of the diet. You can choose the version of the diet that meets your health needs.